Single Vanishing Point Perspective Drawing
This tutorial is the second in the series of perspective drawing in PhotoImpact. It is for the competent user and therefore I assume you have a good working knowledge of the programme.
Lets start by opening a new white canvas 500 width and 400 height and using the line and arrow tool draw a hairline in an absolute straight vertical line from the top to the bottom of your canvas. Then draw an absolute straight horizontal line. Right click to Select all Objects and then right click again Align/Center Both. Right click one more time to Merge as a Single Object. Duplicate this cross line and rotate it by 22.50 degrees...do this twice more. Right click to Select all Objects, right click again Align/Center Both and right click one more time to Merge as a Single Object. Go to the layer manager to lock this star shape which will now be known as the perspective grid into position. Your canvas should now resemble that of mine shown here. Where all lines meet is what is known as the vanishing point and the horizontal line is what's considered to be at eye level.
Now we need to get the back wall in, so using the path drawing tool, draw a 2D rectangle, fill it with whatever wallpaper or texture you want, right click Align/Center both and then right click Merge. For the purpose of this tutorial I have made mine an exact square with the corners meeting one of the perspective grid lines and I suggest that you do the same if this your first attempt at this sort of thing, but when you become a little more experienced you may wish to use a smaller rectangle and indeed with a different eye level.
Now to do the side walls. Draw a rectangle to fill the section to one side of your square, and then change to the perspective tool. Drag the outer edge until you can see that the top and the bottom line up with your perspective grid lines. Note that you may find this easier to do if your canvas is open fully. You can see how it should be done in this image here.
Duplicate this side wall, rotate it horizontally and move this duplicated piece into position for your second wall. Merge each wall separately. You can see now that you have the shape for the floor and the ceiling, so using your magic wand, you can select these areas and fill as desired or create them in much the same way we did the walls.
All rooms normally have a skirting board going around it at the base of the walls, so we're going to create that next.
Using the Path Drawing Tool; Shape - Rectangle; Color - white; Mode 3D round; border 2; depth 15, draw a thin rectangle the length of the base of your back wall. Duplicate it and rotate the duplicated piece by 45 degrees to the right and place it into position along the bottom of the side wall....you will need to resize it by reducing the length quite a bit to fit. You will see that it looks a little strange and doesn't quite fit into position as it should, but that's ok, we're going to fix that now. Using the Distort tool, line the top left hand egde of your side skirting board with the top right hand edge of the back one and then again using the distort tool drag upward the top left hand edge of your side wall skirting board until you can see that it follows the route to the vanishing point. You may find it easier to hold a straight edge piece of paper or ruler up against your monitor to get it right. Or indeed draw in another perspective grid line to help you. Duplicate this side skirting board, rotate it horizontally and voila you have one to place along the bottom of the wall on the other side of the room. Merge each piece separately.
Your room is looking a little empty so how about us adding at least a few items to cheer it up a little? We'll start with a bed.
Using the Path Drawing Tool, Shape - rectangle; Color - of your own choosing; Mode - 3D round; Border 3; Depth 15, draw a rectangle in one corner of the room. You can decorate this rectangle as you wish, it's going to be the headboard of your bed. The draw another rectangle to form the bed top and use the Distort tool to line it up as you can see I have done here. Again you might find it helpful to use a straight edge piece of paper or ruler up against your monitor to get this wall side edge right or draw in another perspective grid line. For the bed base, draw yet another rectangle, decorate it as you wish, but there won't be any need for distortion because part of this bed is outside our picture. Be sure that you have merged each piece as you go along.
Still looking a little empty isn't it? So we'll add a cupboard along the other wall. Just as you did with the bed, you need to start with a rectangle in the corner on the back wall before adding a top to your cupboard. Add another rectangle for the top of your cupboard and using your straight edge piece of paper, ruler or added grid lines be sure to distort your top to the required angle.
Now draw another rectangle and distort it so it fits the front of your cupboard again, be very aware of getting things into perspective! Use your straight edge piece of paper, a ruler or draw in some more grid lines to help you.
Hey how about adding some drawers? You're getting into the swing of this now aren't you? So exactly as you've done before, being very aware of getting the perspective right add a couple of drawers and a cupboard as I have done here.
Ok, I'm sure you're getting so good at this to be able to finish your room off on your own now, so here is where I leave you. You may like to go on to add a window, book shelf and a few pictures...it's up to you. When you're happy with your final image, don't forget to unlock the perspective grid and save it in your Easy Palette for use on future projects of this sort.
Paul E. Castle has put together a discussion concerning depth and perspective that may be of interest to you. I hope you take the time to read it and find it helpful....Thanks Paul :-)
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